Rones de México Featured in The Rum Geography’s Rum Guide to Mexico 2024

Mexico is a land of contrasts; year-round sunshine, cloud forests, ancient ruins, modern cities, stunning beaches, and an incredibly rugged interior with volcanoes and waterfalls.

The Tropic of Cancer divides Mexico’s climate and geography from north to south. The arid north, coastal plains to lush jungles in the south, and the Yucatán Peninsula, Gulf of Mexico. The climate shifts from cool, dry winters in the north to year-round warmth in the south. Sugarcane flourishes in the humid south, the main cane-producing regions are Veracruz, Jalisco, and Oaxaca. The sugarcane season can be year-round but generally harvested from January to May. Many rum producers are small-scale farmers at altitudes in remote mountainous regions. 

Sugarcane was brought to Mexico by the Spanish in 1520, with the first Trapiche, a sugar mill followed soon after. In the 1930s, Bacardí built its first distillery outside of Cuba in Mexico, ushering in scaled production and international brands. Since the 90s, due to agave shortages, many tequila producers turned to cane spirit. In the past decade, a new generation of artisanal rum distillers has emerged and partnered with brands.

The main sugarcane spirits are Aguardiente de Cana an unaged fresh cane juice rum, traditional aged rum, and Charanda which can only made in Michoacán. Today, Mexico produces as much rum as the Caribbean countries combined, but that’s not so well known – until now. We start our Mexican rum adventure in the… 

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